Massachusetts / 马萨诸塞州

One of the original 13 colonies, Massachusetts is known as the landing place of the Mayflower and the birthplace of a revolution. The state’s capital, Boston, served as the backdrop for historical events including the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party.
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Today, Massachusetts is a destination not for those who want to revolt, but for those who want to retreat. Known for its picturesque coastline and countryside, Massachusetts entices visitors with its sandy shores and fall foliage, in addition to its history.

Find out more about Massachusetts at DiscoverAmerica.com.

Capital: Boston

Population: More than 6,585,000 people live in Massachusetts.

Geography: This New England state stretches 295 kilometers wide and 182 kilometers long, and shares a border with New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island.




Higher Education: With its Massachusetts School Laws, the Bay State laid the foundation for mandatory public education in the United States. Boasting more than 120 institutions of higher learning, Massachusetts continues to lead on education with two of the world’s most widely recognized schools, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Massachusetts is also home to Amherst College, a top-ranked liberal arts school, and the University of Massachusetts, the state’s public institution.

Major Industries in Massachusetts include finance, technology, medicine and education. The state produces the United States’ second-largest cranberry crop after Wisconsin. Dairy and poultry products, nursery and greenhouse produce, vegetables and fruit are also important to Massachusetts’ agriculture industry.

Famous Bay Staters include four U.S. presidents, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, John F. Kennedy, George H.W. Bush; talk-show hosts Conan O’Brien and Jay Leno; actor Steve Carrell; authors Louisa May Alcott, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe and poet E.E. Cummings.

International Connection: Boston is a sister city to the Taipei Municipality.

Fun Facts:

• Massachusetts is not officially a state; it is a commonwealth.
• The first basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1891. Today, it is the home of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
• The first Thanksgiving Day was celebrated in Plymouth in 1621.

Adventure Idea: The museum exhibition Our Common Wealth: The Massachusetts Experience in Democracy traces the Bay State’s evolution through colonial, revolutionary, federal and 19th-century periods with the unique stories of four Massachusetts families of Native-American, English, African-Ameri

马萨诸塞州(简称麻州、麻省)简介

马萨诸塞州是最早的13个殖民地之一,以“五月花号”(Mayflower)的靠岸地和独立战争的发源地而著称。该州的首府波士顿(Boston)曾是包 括波士顿大屠杀(Boston Massacre)和波士顿倾茶事件(Boston Tea Party)在内的历史事件的发生地。

今天,马萨诸塞州已不再是那些想要反抗的人向往的地方,而变成了那些想要休闲度假的人的目的地。马萨诸塞州有风景如画的海岸线和乡村田园,除了悠久的历史之外,她的沙滩海岸和秋日落叶也让游客心往神怡。

有关马萨诸塞州的详情请见探索美国网站DiscoverAmerica.com

首府:波士顿

人口:超过658.5万人生活在马萨诸塞州。




地理:这个新英格兰州绵延295公里宽、182公里长,与新罕布什尔州(New Hampshire)、佛蒙特州(Vermont)、纽约州(New York)、康涅狄格州(Connecticut)和罗得岛州(Rhode Island)接壤。

高等教育:凭借其《马萨诸塞州学校法》(Massachusetts School Laws),这个“海湾州”(Bay State)为美国的义务公共教育打下了基础。马萨诸塞州拥有120多所高等院校,以其全世界最著名的两所院校哈佛大学(Harvard University)和麻省理工学院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)而继续在教育领域发挥引领作用。

马萨诸塞州还有一所一流人文学院阿默斯特学院(Amherst College)以及该州的公立学校马萨诸塞大学(University of Massachusetts)。

主要产业:马萨诸塞州的主要产业包括金融、技术、医药和教育。该州是美国出产蔓越莓的第二大州,仅次于威斯康星州(Wisconsin)。奶制品和家禽产品、苗圃和温室农产品、蔬菜和水果对农业部门也很重要。

马萨诸塞州名人:“海湾州”名人包括四位美国总统——约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)、约翰·昆西·亚当斯(John Quincy Adams)、约翰·肯尼迪(John F. Kennedy)和乔治·H·W·布什(George H.W. Bush);脱口秀主持人科南·奥布赖恩(Conan O’Brien)和杰伊·雷诺(Jay Leno);演员史蒂夫·卡雷尔( Steve Carrell);作家路易莎·梅·奥尔科特(Luisa May Alcott)、霍桑(Nathaniel Hawthorne)和爱伦·坡(Edgar Allan Poe)以及诗人卡明斯(E.E.Cummings)。

国际联系:波士顿与台北市结为友好城市。

轶闻趣事:

•马萨诸塞的正式名称不是马萨诸塞州,而是马萨诸塞联邦(the Commonwealth of Massachusetts)。
•第一场篮球比赛1891年在马萨诸塞州斯普林菲尔德(Springfield)进行。今天,这里是奈史密斯篮球名人堂(Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame)所在地。
•第一个感恩节(Thanksgiving Day)是普利茅斯(Plymouth)居民于1621年共同欢度的。

探险活动:博物馆展览“我们共同的福祉:马萨诸塞州的民主历程”(Our Common Wealth: The Massachusetts Experience in Democracy)追溯了这个“海湾州”所经历的殖民地、独立战争、联邦制和19世纪各阶段的演变,讲述了马萨诸塞州的4个分别为印第安、英国裔、非裔和爱尔兰裔家庭的独特历程。

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